Where Do Plaintiff and Defendant Sit in Court

In a criminal case, the government prosecutes a person accused of breaking the law. The government`s lawyer is called the prosecutor. In the U.S. District Court, this is the U.S. Attorney or an Assistant U.S. Attorney. The layout of the courtrooms varies considerably, reflecting the history and development of the building. Some historic courtrooms are still in use and are usually paneled; Most new courtrooms are not wood-paneled and generally have a modern look. Depending on the layout of the room, a plaintiff in a civil court may sit on the right or left, just as the prosecutor`s office of a criminal court may sit on both sides (usually on the opposite side of the jury). If the defendant is convicted after the trial or agreement of the crime, the U.S. probation officer will research and prepare a report before sentencing. This report is used by the judge to determine the sentence for the crime.

The probation officer and judge will use U.S. sentencing guidelines and consider other factors in determining the appropriate sentence for each situation and person. If the judge sentences the defendant to a conditional sentence or imprisonment followed by supervised release, the probation officer supervises the defendant in the community. The probation officer also provides rehabilitation assistance, which may include drug or alcohol treatment, assistance with obtaining a GED, or vocational training. In the courtroom, lawyers for each party sit at the lawyers` table by the bench or talk to the judge, witness or jury. The task of every lawyer is to establish the facts that put his client`s case in the most favorable light, but to do so with approved legal procedures. In a criminal case, the government attorney is called a prosecutor – usually a deputy district attorney (state court cases) or a deputy U.S. attorney (federal court cases). Accused persons may be represented by a public defender, a court-appointed lawyer or a private lawyer appointed by the accused. In civil proceedings, parties who wish to have a lawyer to represent them must hire their own lawyer. The presiding federal judge may be an Article III judge or a magistrate judge, depending on the nature of the case. The judge decides on the legal issues raised at trial.

The judge decides the verdict if it is a court case. District judges determine the appropriate sentence and convict those convicted of crimes. Visit the Student Centre`s About Federal Judges page to learn more. Behind the court well is the dock where the accused will sit during the trial. Depending on the style of the courtroom, the jury box is located to the right or left of the courthouse. Scotland is unique in the Western world because it has 15 judges. All of this applies only to the courts of first instance. Appellate courts in the United States are not investigators, so they do not use juries and do not obtain evidence on the record; That is the task of the court of first instance.

[5] As a result, in an appellate court, there is no witness box or jury box, and the bench is much larger to accommodate multiple judges or judges. Next to the bench are the witness box and the offices where the clerk and court reporter sit. The courtroom is divided into two parts by a barrier known as the bar. The bar can be a real railing or an imaginary barrier. The bailiff stands (or sits) against a wall and maintains order in the courtroom. The court reporter sits near the witness box in the courtroom and records everything that is said (or presented as evidence) during the trial by typing it on a stenographic machine or making an electronic audio recording. This becomes the official record of the process. The court reporter also prepares a written transcript of the proceedings if either party appeals or requests a transcript. Court reporters don`t just work in the courtroom. They also record statements in law firms and some conferences in judicial chambers.

The vast majority of court reporters use stenotypie, a machine that translates keystrokes into symbols that correspond to speech. Some use a stenographic mask, others use a stenographic mask, repeat everything said in the courtroom in a mask connected to a tape recorder and transcribe it later. Finally, the electronic sound recording uses microphones placed in the courtroom to record the trial on a multi-track tape monitored by an employee of the office worker (who does not need to be trained as a court reporter). Investigators and probation officers assist judges in gathering specific information about defendants in criminal cases.

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